1. The National Stroke Strategy policy document published by the UK Department of Health in 2007 can be viewed online here.
2. Angela Cotter was carrying out a Quaker-related research project. The interview transcript is used with her agreement.
3. Stroke Association UK is at www.stroke.org.uk while many other countries have national and local groups supporting people with strokes and supporting stroke research.
4. One of many sources is RG Loosemore: The inversion hypothesis: a novel explanation for the contralaterality of the human brain. Bioscience Hypotheses Volume 2, Issue 6, 2009, Pages 375–382. Accessible online at http://www.hy-ls.org/index.php/hyls/article/download/14/14-115-1-PB.pdf
5. Norman Doidge. The Brain That Changes Itself: Stories of Personal Triumph from the Frontiers of Brain Science, Penguin Books, 2007.
6. Maryanne Wolf. Proust and the Squid: The Story and Science of the Reading Brain, Icon Books, 2008.
7. Frances Spufford. Unapologetic: Why, despite everything, Christianity can still make surprising emotional sense, Faber & Faber, 2012.
8. Samuel Beckett. Endgame. Faber & Faber, 2009. The French original was entitled Fin de partie; first performed in 1957.
9. Stuart Donnan. Faith when words and memory fail: reflections on a spiritual life with stroke and dementia, forthcoming.
10. Terry Eagleton. The Meaning of Life: a very short introduction, OUP, 2008.
11. Visit of the Dalai Lama as reported in the Independent newspaper (London) on 4 March 2014.
12. Alasdair MacIntyre. After Virtue: a study in moral theory, Duckworth, 2nd ed. 1985, page 218; also Raymond Gaita. Good and Evil, Macmillan, 1991, pages 134-5.
13. Jennie Erdal. What’s the Big Idea? Financial Times 7 April 2012, at https://www.ft.com/content/1cc50e4c-7d81-11e1-81a5-00144feab49a (link correct from printed book)
14. From the UK: Myint and colleagues. Postgrad Med J. Sep 2006; 82(971): 568–572 (summary at http://pmj.bmj.com/content/82/971/568.abstract). From Italy: Beghi. Neurology April 8, 2014 vol. 82 no. 10 Supplement S12.007 (summary at http://www.neurology.org/content/82/10_Supplement/S12.007)
15. Connect - the communication difficulty network, in London SE1, information online at http://www.ukconnect.org
16. Jill Bolte Taylor. My Stroke of Insight: a brain scientist’s personal journey, Hodder & Stoughton, 2008.
17. Robert McCrum. My Year Off: Rediscovering Life After a Stroke, Picador, 1998.
18. Tom Balchin. The Successful Stroke Survivor. Bagwin, 2011. 230
19. John Gillespie Magee. High Flight, 1941. The poem and other details of Magee’s life are at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Gillespie_Magee,_Jr.
20. MJ O’Donnell. Feet on the ground - being an approach to modern verse. Blackie, 1946.
21. Edith Sitwell. Still falls the rain (the raids 1940, night and dawn), 1940, in The Penguin Poets: Edith Sitwell - a selection by the author, Penguin Books, 1952. A recording of Edith Sitwell reading the poem is at http://www.poetryarchive.org/poem/still-falls-rain
22. Gerard Manley Hopkins. God’s grandeur, in e.g. The Illustrated Poets: Gerard Manley Hopkins, Aurum Press, 1993.
23. Irina Ratushinskaya. Pencil Letter, Bloodaxe Books Ltd, 1988.
24. Jim Cotter. Etched by Silence: a pilgrim engages with the poems and questions of RS Thomas. DVD, Cairns Publications, 2013.
25. Hermione Lee. Virginia Woolf. Vintage, 1997.
26. Virginia Woolf. The Humane Art (1940) in The Death of the Moth, and Other Essays. Harcourt Publishers Ltd, 1974.
27. Elisabeth Schüssler Fiorenza. Bread not Stone: the challenge of feminist Biblical interpretation, T&T Clark, 1990.
28. Phyllis Trible. Texts of terror: literary-feminist readings of Biblical narratives, SCM Press, 1992.
29. Mark Haddon. The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-time, Vintage, 2004.
30. Karen Armstrong. Through the Narrow Gate, Flamingo, 1997; Beginning the World, Pan Books, 1984; The Spiral Staircase, Harper Perennial, 2005.Back to top
31. AE Housman. A Shropshire Lad, 1896. Section XL. Online at e.g. http://www.theotherpages.org/poems/housm03.html
32. Major sources of information and support include the Alzheimer’s Society in the UK, at www.alzheimers.org.uk
33. Information about vascular dementia and contacts in various countries can be found at http://www.helpguide.org/articles/alzheimers-dementia/vascular-dementia.htm and also http://www.bloodpressureuk.org/BloodPressureandyou/Yourbody/Dementia
34. Admiral Nurses are part of Dementia UK; details (including the origin of their name from one of their clients) are at www.dementiauk.org/about-us
35. A large international study from 2016 is: Blood Pressure and Risk of Vascular Dementia - Evidence from a Primary Care Registry and a Cohort Study of Transient Ischemic Attack and Stroke, authors CA Emdin and colleagues. Stroke 2016;47:1429-1435 with an online summary at http://stroke.ahajournals.org/content/47/6/1429
36. AE Housman. A Shropshire Lad, 1896. Section XLIII. Online at http:// www.theotherpages.org/poems/housm04.html
37. Sally Magnusson. Where memories go: why dementia changes everything, Two Roads, 2014.
38. Keith Ward. More than matter - what humans really are, Lion Books, 2010, page 73.
39. Sandi Toksvig. Whistling for the Elephants. Sphere, 2002.
40. Mary Ann Shaffer and Annie Barrows. The Guernsey Literary and Potato Peel Pie Society, Bloomsbury Publishing, 2010, page 7.
41. Katherine B Nuckolls, John Cassel, Berton H Kaplan. Psychological assets, life crisis and the prognosis of pregnancy. American Journal of Epidemiology 95: 431-441, 1972. The abstract is online at http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/95/5/431
42. Cary Cherniss. Beyond Burnout: Helping Teachers, Nurses, Therapists and Lawyers Recover from Stress and Disillusionment, Routledge, 1995.
43. From Dylan Thomas’s poem Do not go gentle into that good night from In Country Sleep, And Other Poems, 1952.
44. The Rosetta Stone is said to be the most visited exhibit in the British Museum in London, with parallel texts in Egyptian hieroglyphics, Egyptian script, and Greek.
45. Stephen Mitchell. The Book of Job, North Point Press, 1987.
46. George Bernard Shaw. The Doctor’s Dilemma. Penguin, 1946.
47. Thomas Hobbes. Of Man, Being the First Part of Leviathan. Chapter XIII. Of the Natural Condition of Mankind as Concerning Their Felicity and Misery, 1651. Available online at http://www.bartleby.com/34/5/13.html with the well-known quotation at the end of the ninth paragraph.
48. John Henry Newman. The Dream of Gerontius, 1865. The text is in the Sixth Phase, spoken by the Angel of the Agony (sung by the Angel in Part 2 of Elgar’s setting, 1900).
49. In Bacchae by Euripides, about 400BCE.
50. Douglas Adams. Life, the universe and everything, Pan Books, 1982.
51. Elizabeth Barrett Browning. To Flush my dog, published 1844.
52. John Suchet. My Bonnie – how dementia stole the love of my life, Harper, 2011.
53. George Bernard Shaw. Maxim 124 in the section on Reason in Maxims for Revolutionists, 1903.
54. Mackellar D. My Country, first published 1908. Included in The Wide Brown Land, an anthology of Australian verse first published in 1934. A video on YouTube of Dorothea Mackellar herself reading the full poem My Country, is at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o5bNhQrKay0
55. Peter Lanyon. From a biography at the Tate Gallery exhibition 2010-11. I have been unable to trace the source of the quotation. Also from the Courtauld Gallery exhibition 2016.
56. Simon Schama. Landscape and Memory, Harper Perennial, 2004.
57. Vincent van Gogh’s painting Wheatfield with Crows is in the van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam, as is Harvest with Blue Cart and Wheatfield with Lark.
58. TS Eliot. The thoughts are the last lines of the poem East Coker, the second of the Four Quartets, from 1940. In e.g. TS Eliot, Collected Poems 1909-1962, Faber and Faber, 1974.Back to top
59. Vikram Seth. An Equal Music, 1999.
60. Nicholas Spice. Review of An Equal Music in London Review of Books, 29 April 1999.
61. William Harris. Bring us O Lord - anthem for double choir, 1959, on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DogQazxXdYk The words are a prayer by Eric Milner White, the central section of which is based on the final sentences of a long sermon preached by John Donne at Whitehall (London) on 29 February 1627-28. The full text of the sermon is accessible at, for example, http://www.biblestudytools. com/classics/the-works-of-john-donne-vol-5/sermon-cxlvi.html
62. The CD was of Angela Hewitt playing on the piano the first book of the Well-Tempered Clavier (the 48) by JS Bach.
63. Margaret Rizza’s biography can be viewed at http://www.margaretrizza.com/biography.html which also refers to her music.
64. Sacred Music DVD: Series One COR16078. Commentary by Simon Russell Beale, music by The Sixteen with Harry Christophers. Series Two was shown on the BBC but there is no DVD.
65. Victoria, God’s Composer DVD: COR16100. Commentary by Simon Russell Beale, music by The Sixteen with Harry Christophers.
66. Felix Mendelssohn. Octet in E-flat major, opus 20, 1825. On YouTube at www.youtube.com/watch?v=pY_gbooPwoc with the rising theme at the beginning of the first movement.
67. Robert Browning, Andrea del Sarto, in Robert Browning: Men and Women and other poems, Everyman ( JM Dent & Charles E Tuttle) 1993. The poet writes as the artist in conversation with his model - his muse and lover. The poem ends on rather a different note, “I am grown peaceful as old age tonight,” but still thinking about “heaven, perhaps new chances.”
68. Strauss, Richard. Beim Schlafengehen from Four Last Songs, 1948. Words by Herman Hesse. On YouTube at www.youtube.com/watch?v=Se0HPsJex04 sung by Jessye Norman; the rising theme is in the violin at 2 minutes and 30 seconds, and in the voice at 3 minutes and 40 seconds.
69. Frederic Chopin. Scherzo No 2 in B flat minor, opus 31, 1837. On YouTube at www.youtube.com/watch?v=S94Nh-bSomo played by Kristian Zimerman. The rising theme is at 4 minutes and 45 seconds, and at 6 minutes and 35 seconds.
70. William Byrd. Reasons briefly set down by the author, to persuade every one to learn to sing. In Psalms, Sonnets and Songs, 1588. The full list of reasons is accessible at, for example, http://www.ancientgroove.co.uk/books/ByrdReasons.pdf
71. Johnny Cash singing Daddy Sang Bass can be viewed at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NGUP8oc9Bgs
72. Edward Elgar, Sea Pictures, opus 37, 1899. The recording which I first heard, sung by Janet Baker, is available on YouTube (at 12 May 2016) at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GauIMo8Manc
73. Anthony Storr. Music and the Mind, Harper Collins, 1997, page 7.
74. Hal Hodson. Talking gibbonish: deciphering the banter of the apes, New Scientist, 10 January 2015.
75. Margaret Rizza. An interview in For a Change magazine of April 1, 2003, at www.thefreelibrary.com under Humanities>Philosophy and Religion
76. Vladimir Ashkenazy in 1968, aged 30; in a Christopher Nupen film, shown on BBC4 in 2008.
77. Robert Schumann. On Music and Musicians, edited by Konrad Wollf, translated by Paul Rosenfeld, University of California Press, 1983, page 121.
78. Howard Goodall, at the beginning of episode 3 of Channel 4 TV series How Music Works, 2006. On YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HteU3bDKrsM (this link is different from the one given in the printed book which is no longer functional)
79. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Concerto Rondo for piano and orchestra K382, 1782. The first version I heard is available on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t_tDfnYVHMY
80. Clive Sansom. The Shepherds' Carol, in The Witnesses and Other Poems, Methuen, 1956, page 104.
81. Aldous Huxley. Music at Night. Triad Grafton, 1986, page 20.
82. Sara Maitland. A Book of Silence. Granta Books, 2009. She discusses reading (pages 146 and following) amongst many aspects of silence.
83. Barry Morley. Fire at the Center - a new look at Quaker religious education. Baltimore Yearly Quaker Meeting, undated. The pdf document can be downloaded from http://www.bym-rsf.org/publications/overview.html
84. Reported by James Breslin, Mark Rothko: A Biography. University of Chicago Press, 1998, page 539.
85. RS Thomas. Kneeling, in RS Thomas Selected Poems 1946-1968, Bloodaxe Books, 1986.
86. Vikram Seth, An Equal Music, 1999. The thought is on page 85 in the Phoenix paperback edition, 6th impression, 2000.
87. Thomas Cranmer added those words to earlier Latin texts in his English version of the marriage service published in the Book of Common Prayer of 1549.Back to top
88. Mary Warnock. An Intelligent Person’s Guide to Ethics, Duckworth, 1998, page 89.
89. Mary Warnock. Dishonest to God – on keeping religion out of politics, Continuum, 2010, chapter 4 pages 112-3.
90. Sarah Coakley. The Mathematics of Evolutionary Biology - Implications for Ethics, Teleology and ‘Natural Theology’. Gresham College Lecture, London, 3 February 2016. Online at http://www.gresham.ac.uk/lectures-and-events/the-mathematics-of-evolutionary-biology-implications-for-ethics
91. Martin A Nowak. Five Rules for the Evolution of Cooperation. Science 2006 Dec 8; 314(5805): 1560–1563. Also Martin Nowak with Roger Highfield: Super Cooperators: Evolution, Altruism and Human Behaviour (Why We Need Each Other to Succeed), Canongate, 2011.
92. Hans Küng and Karl-Josef Kuschel, editors. A Global Ethic: The Declaration of the Parliament of the World’s Religions, SCM Press, 1993, pages 14-15.
93. A Global Ethic, page 23.
94. Rodrigue Tremblay. The Code for Global Ethics: 10 Humanist Principles. Prometheus, 2010.
95. John Harris. The Value of Life: An introduction to medical ethics, Routledge, 1989.
96. Carol Gilligan. In a Different Voice, Harvard University Press, 1993, page 100. The other ideas from Gilligan are from pages xiv and 62.
97. Christine Gudorf, Parenting, mutual love and sacrifice, Chapter 12 in Women’s Consciousness, Women’s Conscience: A Reader in Feminist Ethics, Harper and Row, 1987, ed Andolsen, Gudorf, Pellauer, pages 182 and 185.
98. Raimond Gaita, A Common Humanity: thinking about love and truth and justice, Routledge, 2nd edition, 2000, page 19.
99. Andrew Miller. Oxygen, Sceptre, 2001, page 308
100. J Scott Peck. The Road Less Travelled, Hutchinson, 1983, page 81.
101. Charles Darwin. ‘Our poor child, Annie’, Note of reminiscence of Anne Elizabeth Darwin, 30 April 1851. Online at: http://darwin-online.org.uk/content/frameset?pageseq=1&itemID=CUL-DAR210.13.40&viewtype=text
102. Charles Darwin. Darwin Correspondence Project, Letter 4348. Darwin, CR to Hooker, JD, 27 November 1863. Online at: http://www.darwinproject.ac.uk/letter/DCP-LETT-4348.xml
103. Nick Lane. Life Ascending: The Ten Great Inventions of Evolution, Profile Books, 2009.
104. Samuel Beckett. Waiting for Godot/En Attendant Godot, Grove Press, 2010.
105. Samuel Beckett. The Unnamable in Three Novels: Molloy, Malone Dies, the Unnamable, Grove Press, 2009.
106. Clive James. Sentenced to life - poems 2011-2014, Picador, 2015. The poem is Rounded with a Sleep, page 44.
107. Terry Pratchett. A Slip of the Keyboard, Corgi, 2015. The quotation was from 2008.
108. The music specially composed by Ane Brun for the final episode of the Swedish version of Wallander (with Krister Henriksson in the title role) is on YouTube at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UGssssSZUKI
109. Henning Mankel, The Troubled Man: A Kurt Wallander Mystery. Vintage, 2012, page 30.
110. Mary Shelley, The Last Man, 1826. This is a science fiction novel later than Frankenstein. In Volume 3 chapter 2 one of her female characters says, “.. the true love I bear you will render this and every other loss endurable.” The text can also be viewed at http://www.freeclassicebooks.com/Shelley%20Mary/The%20Last%20Man.pdf with the quotation on page 445.
111. CG Jung, Memories, Dreams, Reflections. Vintage Books, 1965. The quotation is from near the end of section I of chapter XII, Late Thoughts. With the preceding sentence it reads, “Meaninglessness inhibits fullness of life and is therefore equivalent to illness. Meaning makes a great many things endurable perhaps everything.” The scanned full text of the book is accessible at e.g. https://archive.org/stream/MemoriesDreamsReflectionsCarlJung/Memories,%20Dreams,%20Reflections%20-%20Carl%20Jung_djvu.txt